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Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) Requirements for Landlords

Laurie Davison - Licensed Conveyancer

Please note that the information herein is of a general nature and you should not act or refrain from acting on it without professional advice on the specific facts of your case. No liability is accepted by the author or Sykes Anderson Perry Limited in respect of this article. This is a complex subject and the above is a basic outline only and is intended only as a general guide. Nothing herein constitutes financial advice.

  • The Energy Efficiency (Private Rented Property) (England and Wales) Regulations 2015 established a minimum level of energy efficiency for privately rented property in England and Wales.

  • This means that from April 2018, landlords of privately rented domestic and non-domestic property in England or Wales must ensure that their properties reach at least an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating of E, before granting a new tenancy to new or existing tenants.

  • These requirements will then apply even where there has been no new tenancy or change in tenancy arrangements; from 1 April 2020 for domestic properties, and from 1 April 2023 for non-domestic properties.

  • The Regulations are intended to ensure that those tenants who most need more efficient homes, particularly vulnerable people, are able to enjoy a much better living environment and lower energy bills. Although newly built homes in the private rented sector tend to have higher energy efficiency ratings than the average, there remains a stock of older, less modern properties, and many of these have poor energy efficiency and are difficult and costly to heat. These less efficient properties result in higher tenant energy bills, and for many, the likelihood of living in fuel poverty.

  • Data shows that the average annual cost of energy for an EPC band G property is £2,860, and £2,180 for an F rated property. This contrasts with an average annual cost of £1,710 for an EPC band E property. Therefore, a tenant whose home is improved from EPC band G to band E could expect to see their energy costs reduced by £1,150 a year so long as there were no wider changes in how they use energy in the property.

Government’s guides:

October 2018
Laurie Davison